Bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton. It consists majorly of collagen and calcium phosphate. Collagen is a protein that provides a soft framework and calcium phosphate is a mineral that provides strengths and hardens the framework. This combination of collagen and calcium makes bone strong and flexible enough to withstand stress. An adult human body consists of 260 bones each serving a unique purpose.
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Bone Cancer begins as an error in a cell’s DNA. The error directs the cell to grow and divide in an uncontrolled way. These cells go on living, rather than dying at a set time. The accumulating mutated cells form a mass (tumor) that can invade nearby structures or spread to other areas of the body. Bone cancer is classified into primary and secondary Bone Cancer.
Primary Bone Cancer originates in the bone cells and secondary Bone Cancer migrates to the bone cells. Primary Bone Cancer is far less common than Cancer that spreads to the bones.
There is no statistical report revealing the population-based incidence of Bone Cancer s in India. Bone sarcomas are rare tumours, approximating 0.2% of all cancers but malignant Bone Cancer cause significant morbidity and mortality. However, due to the advancement in surgical and medical oncology there have been some improvements in the survival of patients over the past few decades. Among the various types of bone sarcoma, Ewing sarcoma is the most common in India. The other common types being osteosarcoma (OGS), chondrosarcoma and synovial sarcoma.
People with Bone Cancer may experience some symptoms at a later stage when the cancer cells have spread to different organs of the body. The symptoms of Bone Cancer vary from one person to person depending on the location and size of the Bone Cancer and the previous health record of the patient. Generally, there is a gradual increase in the severity of the symptoms with time. Also, many of these symptoms might indicate some other health issue rather than Bone Cancer . So, it is recommended to consult a doctor, in case of spotting these symptoms, before reaching any conclusion.
When a bone tumour grows, it presses on healthy bone tissue and can destroy it, which causes the following symptoms:
The exact cause of Bone Cancer is yet not known. Over the course of time, some factors that might increase the risk of Bone Cancer are unveiled. Some risk factors known till date are discussed below:
Most of the causes of Bone Cancer are hereditary or genetic that is beyond our control. However, leading a healthy life and taking certain precautions might aid in avoiding this deadly disease. Here are a few tips that are easy to follow and offer great resistance to the disease:
Some herbal and organic tips can also be followed to prevent Bone Cancer . The use of turmeric and ginseng in preparing food helps in avoiding any form of cancer. Turmeric has a therapeutic compound called curcumin which possesses the properties to fight cancer and improve the immune system of the body. A clinical trial of curcumin proved that it could stop the precancerous changes becoming cancer. Ginseng is the herb which hinders the formation of cancer cells, while certain green tea extracts are also effective in hindering the growth of cancer tissue. Clinical research on the above topic is still in progress and an appropriate conclusion is yet to be reached.
Bone Cancer is staged into 4 stages, based on the severity and spread of the Cancer cells. The treatment options for Bone Cancer are planned based on the stage of the Cancer and overall health of the patient.
The tremendous plunge in the development of science and technology has aided better treatment facility which resulted in more successful cases of Bone Cancer recovery in recent years. Survival rates are basically an indicator that helps in analyzing the expected life span of the patients based on previous records of patients with the same condition. However, these rates do not claim the same life expectancy for each individual.
Yes, today there are a number of ways that help in detecting Bone Cancer at a very early stage. Increased awareness among the people about this disease has helped in identifying the hideous disease at early stages. Some tests and procedures for Bone Cancer diagnosis are discussed below:
Treatment options for Bone Cancer depend on several factors, including the type, size, location, and stage of the cancer, as well as the person’s age and general health. Some of the most common and effective treatment options for Bone Cancer are given below:
Yes, Bone Cancer is curable through surgery when detected at an early stage. Even at a later stage, surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and several modern treatments help in curing the disease.
We would suggest visiting the doctor if there is persistent, severe or worsening bone pain, or if you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above. Also, if you have a high risk of developing Bone Cancer then keeping up a regular check on the health factors, helps in early diagnosis. While it’s highly unlikely that the symptoms are caused by cancer, it’s best to be sure by getting a proper diagnosis.
Being aware of the health updates and knowing about your family health history helps in identifying the risk factors that might lead to the development of Bone Cancer